Our increased use of video messaging apps has not gone unnoticed by cybercriminals, who are seeking to exploit the increase of use by sending phishing emails, social media scam messages and even scam text messages, with fake invitations to video messaging app meetings.
Typically, these scam messages will entice you into either opening a malicious attachment or click a web link which directs to a malicious website. The ultimate aim of these cyberattacks is to deliver malicious software, such as ransomware which locks your PC and demands a ransom payment to unlock, scam a payment, or steal your personal information which can be resold to other cybercriminals on the dark web.
So, never open an attachment or click on any links within any unexpected or suspicious emails, social media messages and text messages.
The next piece of advice is to ensure your video messaging app is always kept up-to-date. Luckily most modern smartphones and computer operating systems will automatically update your apps, but it is always worth double-checking and not to suppress any app updates from occurring, as often the app updates are fixing security flaws.
And finally, on home computers and laptops, when not using video messaging apps, either cover your webcam with a piece of tape or face your webcam towards a wall or ceiling, just in case your computer is covertly compromised and a malicious actor gains access to your computer's webcam.
One tip I didn't have time to say on the podcast, is always ensure your video chats are set to private, using a strong password to prevent ZoomBombing. Recent reports have shown a series of “Zoombombing” incidents lately, where unwanted guests have joined in on open calls.
Bharat Mistry, Principal Security Strategist at Trend Micro on Zoom advises “Although not alone in being targeted, Zoom has been the subject of some of the highest-profile incidents so far this year. Fortunately, there are things you can do to keep your business safe.
It’s all about taking advantage of unsecure settings in the app, (and possibly using brute-force tools to crack meeting IDs). With access to a meeting, hackers could harvest highly sensitive and/or market-critical corporate information, or even spread malware via a file transfer feature.
Hackers know users are looking en masse for ways to communicate during government lockdowns. By creating legitimate-looking Zoom links and websites, they could steal financial details, spread malware or harvest Zoom ID numbers, allowing them to infiltrate virtual meetings. One vendor discovered 2,000 new domains had been registered in March alone, over two-thirds of the total for the year so far.
- Ensure Zoom is always on the latest software version
- Build awareness of Zoom phishing scams into user training programmes. Users should only download the Zoom client from a trusted site and check for anything suspicious in the meeting URL when joining a meeting
- Ensure all home workers have anti-malware including phishing detection installed from a reputable vendor
- Ensure you also generate a meeting ID automatically for recurring meetings
- Set screen-sharing to “host only” to prevent uninvited guests from sharing disruptive content
- Don’t share any meeting IDs online
- Disable “file transfers” to mitigate risk of malware
- Make sure that only authenticated users can join meetings
- Lock the meeting once it’s started to prevent anyone new joining
- Use waiting room feature, so the host can only allow attendees from a pre-assigned register
- Play a sound when someone enters or leaves the room
- Allow host to put attendees on hold, temporarily removing them from a meeting if necessary”